之间的潜在相互关系.这些潜在途径来自对文献的

之间的潜在相互关系.这些潜在途径来自对文献的广泛而全面的

之间的潜Nevertheless, the platform's distrust of the Red Society has undoubtedly become an important issue in this donation. So, can the Red Cross under the crisis of trust be able to take on the huge volume of the task of unified coordination and distribution of supplies? A person in charge of a non-governmental voluntary organization told us that many people who came to donate because they did not trust the Red Cross and felt that they were not transparent. And the Fan Support Association also requested direct docking with the hospital. Because of this suspicion, some civil society organizations have abandoned official channels directly and tried to find ways to deliver food to hospitals。

在相互关系5Capital in. In order to circumvent such channels, many donation platforms bypass the Red Cross to run on their own. From the procurement of materials, logistics channels, information registration, and docking hospitals, all are responsible for special personnel, which can ensure that materials are quickly distributed after arriving in Wuhan. A private donation platform encountered embarrassing problems at the beginning. There is a donor abroad who has a batch of materials in hand, but he repeatedly emphasizes that he cannot go through the channels of the Red Cross, hoping that the platform can help him find a way. This is not the first time this platform has encountered such a problem. Feng Ming, a staff member of the platform, told this magazine that if overseas materials do not go through the channels of the Red Cross, except。

.这6In addition to the expensive shipping costs, there is a large amount of taxes. He mentioned that there is a Japanese caring person who has painstakingly purchased more than 3,000 masks and shipped them back to China using ems, which requires more than 1,000 yuan in freight. If you send a mask, the tariff on light will be about 6%, and protective clothing will be 8%. The channels of the Red Cross, freight and taxes can be reduced or waived. In addition, the Red Cross needs to apply for various certificates, and donors need to provide various information, which also increases the complexity of donation channels. A volunteer also mentioned the problem of personal direct connection with the hospital, that is, because the hospital is anxious, often。

些潜在It is often thrown directly to the donors with a photo of the announcement. The problem with this is that on the one hand, the donors cannot grasp the real-time donation information of the hospital, which leads to repeated donations in some hospitals and some hospitals may not get supplies. In order to solve the problem, every time a hospital is docked, they will pull a doctor from the hospital into the group to match the material information in a timely manner to ensure that the materials can reach the people most in need. These things are also very trivial to do. If you make statistics from the government level and then disclose the information, it is actually easier to operate. The private material channel has been shrinking, but the logistics channel entrance has been shrinking in the past two days. January 2。

途径来自对On the 9th, SF Express told us that from that day on, the green channels originally opened by SF Express for Wuhan can only be docked with the Red Cross, and no longer accept personal business, that is, the channels directly sent to the hospital are closed. Feng Ming mentioned a donation case and said that a donor contacted SF the next day. The reply given by SF Express was that even if it was a self-paid postage donated material, it was necessary to go to the local Red Cross for registration Go to SF Express and send it to the place designated by the Red Cross. In this way, the donor has to run the Red Cross again. Even if the materials arrive at the warehouse, the efficiency of scheduling and matching is difficult to guarantee. In the warehouse, many parties。

文献的广Under communication, the on-site staff verified the identity of the doctor who came to ask for help, and finally allowed him to receive supplies. The staff told us that this time it was an exception, and it was absolutely impossible to open the mouth, otherwise it would be completely messed up, but they really did not have the Development and Reform Commission. It's a terrible thing. I can satisfy as much as I can, but there is really no way. But it took a lot of effort to find materials. Although the warehouse system has a list and does not list the specific location of the supplies in detail, the doctors and staff have turned around the corner of the warehouse a few times to find alcohol, and the situation of finding masks is similar to alcohol. Wuhan Red Cross Warehouse。

泛而全面The site of the library (photo by Cai Xiaochuan) We learned from the Wuhan Red Cross material warehouse that a dedicated command team was set up at the site. In addition to the staff of the Red Cross, the members also have functional departments from the Municipal Statistics Bureau, the Health and Health Commission, etc. People. However, regarding the specific rules of division of labor, the statements of the two sides are not unified. The Wuhan Red Cross said in an interview that the Red Cross is only responsible for receiving, and has no power to decide on the distribution and matching. This task is decided by the health and health committee and other departments; In a telephone interview, it was stated that the Municipal Health and Health Commission and other functional departments are assisting the Red Cross. Two kinds。

Under the contradictory claims, whether materials can be delivered in time becomes a question. The following hospitals all have an inventory table with us, and we issue it according to the inventory table. We also know that many hospitals are shouting online, but look at this, are they in urgent need? A person in charge at the scene signaled us to see the piles of tall boxes around him. He said that many materials did not meet the medical standards, and all of them were not pulled away for the time being, and can be released to other non-critical positions. He told us that this is also the reason why the government chose to be uniformly managed by the Red Cross. Individuals donated to the hospital. Are the products qualified and expired?。

bWhat if something happens? After we came here, there were specialized agencies, such as the Market Supervision Administration and the Health and Health Commission, to check and ensure quality. The main function of the Red Society should be that Ma Jianyin, director of the Center for Public Welfare Charity and Nonprofit Law Research of Beijing Normal University, who can cope with major emergencies, does not agree with the Red Mansions ’tight manpower and limited energy. He told us that the Red Cross ’s main function The function is to respond to major emergencies, such as wars, natural disasters, major public health events, etc., so you should pay attention to capacity building in peacetime, so that you have the corresponding mobilization and coordination capabilities.。

In disasters and emergencies such as earthquakes, the Chinese Red Cross system did play such a role, but this epidemic seems to expose the problem again. The Red Cross should not only rely on its own staff, but need to mobilize, and should also be able to mobilize a large number of volunteers (and these volunteers should be trained in peacetime), coordinate the resources of the provincial Red Cross system, and The out-of-provincial Red Cross system includes communication with the Chinese Red Cross Society. For the coordination between the demand side and the supply side, the construction of the platform, to be honest, they should be able to do so. In fact, many civil society organizations are doing it now,。

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